Publisher: GRIN Publishing
Publication Date: August 17, 2016
Binding: Kobo eBook
Bachelor Thesis from the year 2005 in the subject Tourism, grade: 1,5, Stralsund University of Applied Sciences (University of Applied Sciences), course: Leisure and Tourism Management, 80 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: On the economic front, tourism has the capacity to create jobs: jobs for the poor, jobs in the indigenous communities, unskilled as well as highly qualified jobs, jobs in seaside resorts as well as in remote rural areas and in ecotourism activities. Tourism is a much more diverse industry than many others and can build upon a wide resource base. Diversity increases the scope for wide participation. Furthermore, most export industries depend on financial, productive and human capital. Indeed, tourism depends on these but also on natural capital, such as wildlife, scenery and beaches, and culture, vital assets of many developing countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. For these reasons combined, tourism should be considered as one of the important economic development opportunities available to developing countries in the region. The United Nations declared the year 2002 as INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF ECOTOURISM. The development of ecotourism often involves precious and fragile natural resources and must be done with great sensitivity. Natural habitats have been diminishing at alarming rates and equally alarming reports are regularly published on diminishing water resources, deforestation, increases in pollution, the destruction of corral reefs and many more. This is why ecotourism should also be sensitive to local communities, their land rights, traditions, cultures and ways of life. Ecotourism in remote areas cannot be developed without the consent and active involvement of local peoples, who should become partners in the process. For many countries like Chile, particularly in the developing world, tourism is one of the few meaningful sources of economic development and job creation.