Eugene Rogan's remarkable book recreates one of the most important but poorly understood fronts of the First World War. For four centuries the Ottoman Empire had been one of the most powerful states in Europe as well as ruler of the Middle East. By 1914 it had been drastically weakened and circled by numerous predators waiting to finish it off. Following the Ottoman decision to join the First World War on the side of the Central Powers, the British, French and Russians hatched a plan to finish the Ottomans off- an ambitious and unprecedented invasion of Gallipoli . . .